Premature infants are born preterm infants according to the gestasinya (her pregnancy). The full term pregnancy is 37-41 weeks. Compared to infants of normal birth, premature babies do tend problematic. With the premature gestation can lead to immaturity in all organ systems, such as the respiratory system (lungs) circulatory system (heart), digestive and central nervous system (brain).
Immaturity of the organ systems that make premature babies tend to have abnormalities than normal babies. As expected, babies born early will likely die in the first year after birth than infants of normal birth. Surprisingly, the increased risk of death remains in line with their age.
One reason for the condition of babies born with low birth weight due to the inability of parents to meet nutrition during pregnancy. This inability is usually caused by lack of economic factors. Babies born prematurely require treatment in hospital with a high cost. There is some chance that the baby was born prematurely due to maternal factors, among others, because the mother had a miscarriage or having a baby born prematurely on a history of previous births.
Alternatively, the lower the mother's womb so weak that the uterus will open before the pregnancy reaches 37 weeks. Urinary tract infections can also cause premature birth. The factor of babies for example infant did not develop during the mother's womb.
Usually a premature baby will have six vulnerable disease experienced by premature infants:
o respiratory distress syndrome. This disorder occurs due to lack of maturation of the lungs so that the amount of surfactant (the fluid lining the lungs) less than normal. This causes the lungs can not fully developed.
o brain hemorrhage. This usually occurs in the first week of birth, especially in premature infants born less than 34 weeks. Because of this brain bleeding premature babies usually grow into children who are relatively less intelligent than children of normal birth.
o Abnormalities of the heart. In this case that often happens is patent ductus arteriosus (a connection between the aorta to the coronary arteries leading to the lungs).
o intestinal disorder caused imaturitasnya in receiving nutrients.
Similarly, 6 of disease experienced by vulnerable preterm infants. So guard yourself during pregnancy, inadequate nutrition and always consult with your gynecologist.