Feb 20, 2012
IUD, Contraception Most Safe and Effective
American College of Obstetricians and gynecologist stated long-term contraception, particularly intra-uterine devices and implants, as contraceptives are the most safe and effective for women of childbearing age.
Intra-uterine device (IUD) or layman call it spiral is wrapped in a small plastic device with copper wires. Shaped tool "T" is inhibiting pregnancy by preventing the meeting of sperm and egg cells by stopping the way to the fallopian tubes or sperm by changing the way the uterus so the egg is cooked can not be fertilized.
Appropriate type, IUDs can be used effectively in a period of 5-10 years without having to be replaced. The shape is small enough so that the gynecologist can incorporate this tool into the uterus with an easy procedure.
Meanwhile, the implants are small as a matchstick that is inserted under the skin on the arm. Implant will issue a number of hormone-suppressing ovulation up to three years. Family planning acceptors can also easily get pregnant again after the implant device is unplugged.
In addition to effective, doctors gynecologists also said the risk of side effects of the intrauterine device is fairly small. Pregnancy risk of implant use is only about 0.05 percent.
The new recommendations issued by the American College of Obstetricians and gynecologist is replacing the old guidelines issued in January 2005. At that time revealed only a woman who had given birth and have the risk of sexually transmitted diseases are advised to use an IUD. Nevertheless, many acceptors are not included in these criteria still choose IUDs and implants.
Each method of contraception have side effects, including the IUD. According to experts from the Mayo Clinic, the IUD can cause side effects headache, weight gain, mood changes, as well as pain and menstrual blood counts more. Bleeding for too long can also cause anemia.
Other side effects were noted, among others, pain during sex and inflammation in the vagina. These side effects will diminish or disappear along with the duration of contraception was used.