Feb 25, 2012
Marriage Age Youth and Their Impact
Marriage Phenomenon Young AgeBased on data from the Religious in DI. Yogyakarta in 2008 up to March 2011 show that cases of young marriages recorded by request dispensation to marry increased from year to year (Jogja Daily, Sunday, March 13, 2011). Most requests for a dispensation to marry first child was pregnant, so the judge felt compelled to grant a dispensation to marry.
This marriage dispensation granted by the religious court judge for the child / spouse who is younger than the age of marriage is governed by the Marriage Law No. 1/1974 of 19 years for men and 16 years for women. Almost 90% of cases of dispensation to marry a young age because girls have been pregnant before. Cases occurred in the region and Gunungkidul Kulonprogo, as shown in the graph.
While the data are entered on Violence Against Wives in Rifka Annisa since 2000 s / d in October 2010 shows that 105 clients (5%), married at age below 18 years and 504 cases (23%) were married at the age of 23 years. The data show that young age how marriages are still common.
Why young marriages are still common?KTD, Pregnancy No Desired, seems the most common factor, based on reports to the religious court that, 90% of cases of dispensation to marry filed because the child was pregnant beforehand. This suggests that young marriages is due to factors of necessity, because pregnancy is not desired, the occurrence of sexual relations before marriage at a young age, and sexual violence may also be a good sexual coercion by boyfriends for fear of broken love, or because of rape.
Sexual relationships are not healthy. Unwanted pregnancies among young children, mostly because of sex is not healthy or not responsible. Most cases occur because the teenager had watched porn or pornographic material is increasingly easy to obtain through the sophistication of information technology, both internet and mobile phones.
Influence of media information. Disclosure of information media can have a positive and also negative for young children. Freedom of information facilitate young people to access the materials pornography. Tontotan the media also took part to stimulate the more sexually active teens. The media makes teens as a commodity through the imagery and the creation of false consciousness about what is important and not pending for adolescents.
Peer influence is also very big on risky adolescent sexual behavior. Rifka Annisa research results in 2010 showed that the majority of teens obtaining pornographic material from his friend. Affected adolescents to have sexual intercourse at an early age and have sex in prostitus due to the influence and call friends.The lack of information about sexuality and reproductive health for adolescents comprehensive. Most temaja follow-up to date on sexuality and reproductive health in memedai. They were informed by halves, and not from a trusted source. Most teenagers have difficulty of understanding the changes that occurred in him, both physical changes, psikihis, as well as social. Teens do not know how to interpret and control the sexual urges. Education only leads to intellectual, and still lack the education that emphasizes emotional intelligence and spiritual intelligence.
Weak control of adults and the environment. Parents tend to be permissive to the environment and the behavior of young people are increasingly at risk. Parents seemed to have been done to educate children to leave him at school. Environments also tend to care about the behavior of adolescents at risk.
The existence of false consciousness (false), the construction of masculine and feminine gender. The perception among adolescents and children at a young age, that a man who has not had sex yet considered a man. Seeing if it has not had sex yet considered dating. Proving love to have sex.
Dependence on parents and lost his rights. A child who married a young age and because his status is still a child, or as emotionally immature, would likely have not been able to make their own decisions. Also not be economically independent, he will likely depend on the parents.
Weak rule of law. Child age limit in the Act is different between the Marriage Law, Health Law and the Law on Protection of the child. Perkawinana Act imposes limits for women married 16 years and 19 years for men. Marriage Act to allow a dispensation to marry even in children under that age. Protection Act limits the child gives the child is under the age of 18. While the Health Act imposes limits of 20 years, because of sexual relations under 20 years of age are at risk of cervical cancer or cervical cancer, and sexually transmitted diseases. Dispensation to marry is often given without considering the rights of children, readiness and maturity of the child and the child's ability to take care of the household.
Impact of Married Young AgeLoss of educational opportunity. Marry a young age can cause children to lose opportunities for education, because children will terhampat to education.
Lose the opportunity to develop and express themselves. Marriage would deter young children to express and think according to age, because he will be prosecuted to the responsibilities in the family as a husband / wife and as a father / mother.Loss of opportunity to be creative, play, socialize with peers, relax and enjoy free time. Married a young age will prevent the child to be creative, he would lose the youth, hanging out with her peers, because he had demanded to be responsible for the family. In fact children who marry young, have not been able to take care of family and children, even taking care of herself alone sometimes can not be.Vulnerable to reproductive health problems, such as cervical cancer and other sexually transmitted diseases. Married women under the age of 20 years, 58.5 percent more susceptible to cervical cancer. Reproductive organs are not ready or mature to reproductive function, risk of danger of bleeding and organ damage that can lead to death, tend to have an abortion is often accompanied by complications and death.
Prone to problems of pregnancy and the fetus. Lack of knowledge of mothers who marry at a young age, nutrition for pregnant women so that they can affect fetal growth and development. Women who are pregnant, give birth and care of children because of their age, young or immature, there is a psychological burden that can affect growth and mental development of her unborn child.
Susceptible to domestic violence. Due to the limitations and immaturity to settle down, girls who are forced to become a wife at a very young age that does not have a position of strong bargaining with her husband, so it is prone to be victims and targets of domestic violence. Likewise boys who marry at a young age, because of the limitations and emotional immaturity to settle down will tend to become perpetrators of violence.
Marriage age, mada berinfestasi on a more complex social problems in the future. Marriage age will trigger a variety of social problems in the future to dating. Unpreparedness of mental, social and economic kids to settle down can result in the issue of domestic violence, the number of abandoned and neglected children parenting, health issues and the status of mothers and children, many children are born bearing the health problems, unemployment, etc