Everyone wants good health not to mention a healthy organ of our body including the kidneys. Kidneys with very hard work because it filters the blood as much as 1500 liters more per day. and the kidneys are vital organs of our body.The kidney is an important organ in the body amounted to 2 pieces with main functions as a filter or washing the blood and carry out the function of excretion (discharge of substances that are not useful).
The kidneys maintain the water balance and blood acidity as well as electrolytes. Besides the kidneys also produce a variety of hormones, among others erithropoitin that contribute to the formation of red blood cells.
Given a very important role in human life, we must always keep our kidneys in good health.
In general, damage to the kidneys is the impact of other diseases such as diabetes (diabetes), hypertension, high uric acid diseases, autoimmune diseases like lupus.
Diseases that occur in the kidneys that can progress to the chronic urinary tract infections, kidney stones or polycystic kidneys and renal tract obstruction.
Current diabetes (DM) dominated the causes of chronic renal failure undergoing dialysis (hemodialysis). Hypertension due to uncontrolled blood pressure more and will also damage the kidneys, the kidneys begin to leak from chronic kidney failure, so the patient must undergo dialysis.
Increased uric acid levels will also lead to prolonged kidney stone formation and if it continues to happen repeatedly in the kidney infection and eventually may also lead to chronic renal failure.
In addition, other things that can cause kidney dysfunction are drugs. The use of painkillers is prolonged and without consulting a physician can also cause kidney damage.
Kidney infection typically occurs when bacteria enter the urinary tract through the urethra and multiply themselves. Bacterial infection of any body part can be spread through blood vessels to the kidneys. Kidney infection is a common occurrence in this way, but may occur in some circumstances-for example, is when other body parts such as joints or heart valve infections. Kidney infections can also occur after kidney surgery, although rare.
Risk factors that can increase kidney infection include:• Women have a greater risk of kidney infections in men. This is because women have a shorter urethra than men, so bacteria easily reach the kidney.• Blockage of the urinary tract.• The immune system is weak.• Damage to nerves around the bladder.• The use of catheters in the long term.• The condition that causes urine to flow in the wrong direction (from the bladder flows back into the ureters and kidneys).
How to prevent kidney disease?Patients with diabetes, blood sugar should always be controlled, patients with hypertension, blood pressure should always be controlled. Patients with high uric acid, uric acid level should be lowered to normal. In patients already known to suffer from autoimmune diseases such as Lupus, Lupus disease have remission (recovery).
Currently in the middle of the many different alternative treatments in addition to modern medicine that claims to cure diabetes or hypertension so that a full recovery. Obviously this claim is not true, because diabetes and hypertension can only be said to be well controlled with medication or without medication.
Therefore, any treatment given, blood sugar levels or blood pressure should always be checked regularly. Because if this is not addressed will lead to complications of chronic renal failure that need dialysis or even transplant (transplanted) kidney.
To reduce risk of kidney disease, there are some important tips are:
Complete examination of urine creatinine and urea in patients with chronic diseases such as diabetes, hypertension and high uric acid as well as diseases such as lupus Erythematosus aoutoimun.Not taking drugs regularly without your doctor's instructions.Enough to drink 8-10 glasses per day under normal conditions.No urinary incontinence in a long time.Do not ignore the possibility of a variety of disorders associated with impaired renal medicine medical treatment immediately.Recognize health problems related to the kidneys such as painful urination, frequent urination, urination not lampias, urination or red meat such as laundry or hip pain.