Doktersehat.com-Much research shows, rates of obesity in developed countries like the United States tend to be higher than the developing countries like Indonesia. But that assumption was wrong. Obesity rates in Indonesia and the United States was not much different.
This was conveyed by dr. Dyah Purnamasari Sulistianingsih, SpPD of Metabolic Division of Endocrinology Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia (medicine), when the first media seminar with the theme "Main Cause Cardiovascular Disease Mortality High in Diabetes Disabled ', Thursday (10/05/2012) yesterday, in Jakarta.
"So do not say if the U.S. obesity rate is higher. Apparently, the study showed the prevalence of obesity in Indonesia and the U.S. have similarities, "he said.
As evidence, Dyah said that he had conducted a study to look at the proportion of obesity in Jakarta in 2006. The results showed that 67 percent of Jakarta residents have a risk weight (overweight and obesity).
"The study also found 95 percent of women in Jakarta has abdominal circumference above normal and only 5 percent of the circumference of the stomach was normal. While in males 87 percent had hypertension, "he said.
These conditions continued Dyah, can potentially cause a variety of disorders of the metabolic syndrome, which can lead to the development of diseases such as diabetes and heart disease. According to Dyah, by measuring waist circumference, a person can predict whether she is at risk or not.
"In men, normal waist circumference should not exceed 90 cm, whereas in women no more than 80 cm," he explained.
A similar statement expressed by Dr.. Dante Saksono Harbuwono, SpPD, from the Division of Metabolic and Endocrine Department of Internal Medicine School of Medicine. According to him, the notion that the Caucasian or Caucasian race as a benchmark for obesity is now no longer valid.
"Map of obesity we had already exceeded several countries in Europe," he said.
He added, when compared to some European countries such as Portugal, Spain and Germany, the obesity rate in Indonesia tend to be higher. This is due to the influence of lifestyle, activity levels are likely to sedentary (inactive) and food intake has changed from the traditional menu to fast food.
The following will be given some exposure to cause weight gain or obesity is easy to ride, including:
Hypothyroidism or low thyroid levels. Low thyroid levels can also trigger a person's weight easy ride, which is commonly experienced by many women. A person who is the lack of fluid causes the thyroid in the body fat that accumulates in the blood, hard thawed and slow metabolic rates.
Symptoms of thyroid disorders are easily tired, lethargic, often anxious, swollen face, swollen eyes, hair loss, dry skin, decreased sweat production, depression, forgetfulness, slow speech and voice sounded a bit hoarse, headache, decreased libido, tingling in hands and feet, infertility or recurrent miscarriage
If women lack essential fatty acids (good fats for the body) that can help produce and replenish and maintain the body's metabolic hormones in women is reduced then it will make a woman has an increased appetite for the increase in body fat. Sometimes one person in meeting the needs of body fat resulting in unnecessary fat accumulated in the blood and the body weight be increased.
If a woman enters menopause or menopause will have decreased and hormonal changes, during a sudden menopasuse - arrived appetite will increase dramatically. Menopause also slow down your metabolism resulting in fat burning difficult resulting in weight gain. Plus if at the time of menopause, most women are not balanced with exercise.
4. Cushing's syndrome or disorder that is too high cortisol
Cushing's syndrome is a condition of production of the hormone cortisol Ketka excessive fat accumulation that mneyebabkan especially on the face, abdomen and shoulders as wide, except the hands and feet to stay slim. Circumstances like these that are responsible with cortisol levels increasing weight gain, especially in the abdomen.
Negative effect of increasing the amount of cortisol makes the muscles feel tired and weak, thin skin, heal old wounds, easy bruising, high blood pressure, glucose levels are not controlled, stretch mark (a type of cellulite) are purple on the abdomen, menstrual irregularities, hair loss and so forth.
If a woman who is undergoing family planning with birth control pills, usually affects the menstrual cycle becomes irregular. Drug pills is very influential on the increased appetite, steroid drugs, anti inflammatory, anti-depressants and diabetes drug also triggers weight gain that sometimes women can not be explained.
6. Serious illness
In general, if a person has a history of diabetes mellitus, kidney, liver disease / liver has a fairly drastic appetite that causes the body to store a lot of fluid then arise as effects on the eyes and swollen ankles. Disease ovarian cysts and lymph nodes can also cause weight gain can not be explained.
7. Blood sugar imbalances
Foods with a lot of sugar we often encounter and consumption, namely rice, chocolate, drinks and foods that contain lots of carbohydrates. It is basically the body needs carbohydrates to be burned in the body's digestive menjagi glucose, glucose was the source of energy as well as the hormone insulin in charge of store sugar properly. But the foods that contain lots of sugar often make a person addicted, so that the hormone insulin difficult to manage blood sugar levels. As a result the body weight increases.